Under strength beams - strengthen structural wooden beams

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Types of timber beam weakness that can be repaired

1. Bending/deflection - caused by overloading, undersized timber section, poor quality timber, insect or rot damage

2. Change of Use - from domestic to commercial, added loading such as: storage, filing, piano, Museum

3. New Build - need for lowest height of timber to preserve headroom, loft conversion, ring beams, ridge boards, joists

4. Breakage - partial or complete failure

Insect attack - broken RafterExcessive deflection in a Barn Tie Beam - upgraded using Structural Epoxy Pouring ResinLaminated ridgg beam parts for a Foft Conversion designed to upgrade the ridge stiffness

Total failure due to severe insect attack. Excessive deflection, overloaded. Ridge beam parts for Loft Conversion.

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Examples of Beam repairs - weakness caused by insect attack and rot

Timber Beams that have partly broken or been eaten by Rot or Wood Boring Insects can be repaired using High Tensile Steel Bars, Zinc Plated Allthread, or Epoxy-Glass Bars or Stainless Steel Bars. The bars are then embedded in Structural Epoxy Pouring Resin or Grout.

High Tensile Allthread inside a hollowed out beamShear Connectors in SlotsDecorative arch repair - Timber Resin Splice dry fitted

New timber component in place - note bars in slots - ready for resin pouring or injection..

Independent Engineering calculation service available from us, from £350 per beam, Indemnified (Insured)

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How to increase strength

Upgrade the Beam or Joist - cut a slot, or slots, along the length to within about 40mm of the base and bond in BS4449 High Tensile Rebar with Structural Epoxy Pouring Grout. This is know as a 'modified flitch' design and approximately doubles the stiffness of a typical timber, in bend.

Excessive bend in a barn tie beamSlot cut into the top of the Tie Beam to hold rebar

Me pointing to the slot with the first rebars dropped in on spacersThe finished upgrade - Structural Epoxy Pouring Resin covering all the rebar

Barn, Somerset - overloaded tie beams in a barn now carrying heavy clay tiles on the roof (had been a thatched roof and then was converted to a lightweight galvanized sheet roof).

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Examples of beam strength upgrading using bars and resins

Loft Conversion, Newton Abbot - maximum ridge board to be 12" x 4" (300mm x 100mm), not strong enough to meet Engineers specification.

For more Technical Information and a Photo Gallery go to:www.timber.org.uk

Farmhouse floor joists on carrier beamsCarrier Beam slotted to take re-bar to increase bending stiffnessUpgraded Floor Beam

Beam upgrade with reconnection of joists

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How to extend ends that have rotted

Cut out the decay and either:

1. Cut off the end completely and fit a Timber-Resin Splice, priced and manufactured to fit the exact size and timber type.

2. Build a box around the missing part, fit Rebars to extend into the sound part and fill with Structural Epoxy Pouring Grout.

Timber Resin Splice top slot fixing methodTimber Resin Splice top slotted and then resin filled

Theory and Practice - Timber-Resin Splice top slot (Type C) joist end repair in place

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Examples of extending rotted beam ends using bars and resins

Bindon House Hotel, Somerset - truss ends and tie beams, Dry and Wet Rot. The ends were replaced using TYPE E Timber-Resin Splice units, made to measure .

Beam End Repair - ClerkenwellTimber Resin Splice - dry fitted ready for resin pouringSteel bars and anchors ready for resin pouring

Timber-Resin Splices and bars in place.

For more Technical Information and a Photo Gallery go to:www.timber.org.uk

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How to prevent Timber rot damage

1. Protect structures from penetrating and rising dampness

2. Apply breathable protective coatings to external timbers - UltraProof or Deepseal Water Repellant coatings

3. Treat vulnerable timbers with Boron Products - Boron Rods, Boron Paste, Boron Gel and Ultra 12 powder in water, by spray or brush for indoor use, to floor and roof timbers.

Boron Paste & Rods in JoistsBoron Paste & Rods in Window Frames and Cills

Drilling patterns for window cill preservation with Boron

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Examples of Boron Rod preservation

Ships - The Unicorn, Dundee, Wet and Dry rot

Castles - Dartmouth Castle, Taymouth Castle

Boron Rods in packets of 10 for inserting into damp timber.Drilling an electricity Pole ready for insertion of Boron rods and boron paste.

Boron Rods in packets of 10. Drilling a Pole for preservation.

Houses - The Log House, Bindon House

Pre-Treatment - 'Timborising', extensively used in New Zealand and Canada, where 'green' (freshly felled) timbers are soaked in Borax before, drying and cutting to size

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Property Repair Systems, Unit 3 Olympus Business Park,

Teignmouth, TQ14 9AE

T: 01626 872886

E: Mail us help@propertyrepairsystems.co.uk

Other Property Repair Systems Sites:

www.boron.org.uk - how to use Boron based insecticides/fungicides to treat timber rots and insect attack

www.dampness-info.co.uk - how to treat penetrating dampness in walls and plaster

www.deck-treatment.co.uk - how to treat patio decks and yacht decks

www.dryrot.biz - how to kill Dry Rot in buildings

www.drywallandfloor.co.uk - membranes for lining damp walls, floors, basements and cellars

www.epoxy-info.co.uk - epoxy resins for repairing wood, concrete, brick and stone

www.fire-door-paint.co.uk - upgrade doors to 30 minutes fire resistance

www.joist-repair.co.uk - how to quickly repair joists and beams of any size

www.propertyrepairsystems.co.uk - fire retardant paints, hygiene products, metal bracket manufacture, crack injection

www.steel-fire-paint.co.uk - treat steel with Intumescent Paint to provide fire protection

www.timber.org.uk - systems of repair, with step by step methods

www.woodworm-info.co.uk - how to kill and prevent woodworm and death watch beetle

www.woodworm-expert-advice-forum.org.uk - woodworm prevention and treatment advice